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How Do Electric Skateboards Work? Some Surprising Facts to Know!

Fact checked by Michael Derosier

how do electric skateboards work

It’s fun and exciting to ride on electric skateboards. Before we discuss ‘how do electric skateboards work?’, here’s a brief description of this device.

A personal transporter based on a skateboard is known as an electric skateboard. The electric skateboard or motorized skateboard has grown in popularity over the years—sleek, smooth, and aerodynamic characteristics of the most sophisticated electric skateboard models.

Read on to learn about maneuvering this exciting invention.

Electric Skateboard Components


1. Overall construction

Electric skateboards are made of wood, plastic, or both, and they’re pre-installed with grip tape. They have motors built into the wheels and a battery that can be removed from the deck.

Like the regular and manually-pushed skateboards, the electric skateboard’s parts include the deck, wheels, trucks, and grip tape.

2. Unique feature

One unique thing that can differentiate them from another is the mechanical and electric parts that power it, making it a controlled skateboard.

3. The mechanical parts

Those include the motor, motor mount, wheel pulley, motor pulley, and timing belt.

  • The motor turns the electrical power supplied by the battery into mechanical motion on the wheel pulley.
  • The motor mount is welded onto the back skateboard truck to link the motor to the wheel.
  • The motor mounting bracket is angled such that the motor is hanging below the skateboard, allowing it to spin freely.
  • Pulleys and timing belts transfer power from one component to another.
  • The timing belt is a looped rubber strip that joins two pulleys by sliding the grooves of one pulley into the grooves of the other.

4. The electric parts

Those include the battery, the remote control, the Bluetooth transmitter, the Bluetooth receiver, and the Electronic Speed Controller.

  • An electric skateboard’s battery is its energy storage device and provides electricity to the motor.
  • The ESC is essentially an electric skateboard’s brain. It regulates the amount of power the battery supplies to the motor. It features a computer for data processing and is connected to the battery, motor, and Bluetooth receiver.
  • The Bluetooth transmitter is positioned inside the controller and delivers a signal to the Bluetooth receiver. This allows the remote control and the electric skateboard to communicate wirelessly.
  • The controller’s purpose is to allow a rider to choose whether or not to proceed, brake, or reverse. The receiver receives a signal from the transmitter located inside the controller.

5. Other components

Those include an extra battery, wheel guards, tail and nose guards, and lights. In detail, the LED lighting and taillights are standard on high-end electric skateboards.

Remember, using an electric skateboard in the same way you would a traditional skateboard is completely safe and will not harm any of its components, including the motors and pulleys.

Electric Skateboards Key Functions

Electric skateboards resemble regular skateboards in many ways, with the exception that they are powered by an electric motor.

You’ll find a motor under your electric skateboard that you may control with a remote or simply with your weight.

The speed of an electric skateboard is controlled by a wireless hand-held throttle remote or by the rider’s movements.

Tilting the board to one side or the other controls the direction of travel to the right or left. The battery that powers the electric motor is hidden beneath the e-deck.

Flexible decks will help absorb impacts and attenuate cracks on bumpier surfaces, while sturdier boards will triumph on flat ground.

How Does Electric Skateboard Work?


When starting out, you need to learn how to balance on this board. But first, let’s see how this skateboard runs. Bring the board out to a broad and even platform, then press the remote control.

  • Pressing the skateboard’s remote control will send a signal to the battery. This indicates that the battery needs to send enough power to the electric skateboard’s motor.
  • Electromagnetic waves that are sent from the remote assist in the movement of your electric skateboard.
  • As the motor propels the wheels, the electric skateboard will move forward.
  • You can use the remote to regulate the speed and brakes. It accomplishes so by delivering signals to your skateboard’s motor, allowing you to glide effortlessly.

Another thing to remember when riding an electric skateboard is that you may stop the board by just pushing the brake button on the remote.

The greatest thing about e-skating is that you don’t have to use your feet to move; the motor will do the work for you.

How to Use an Electric Skateboard?

An electric skateboard is a fun, exciting, and easy-to-use device.

  • First and foremost, wear your helmet, knee protection, and other safety gear when riding your electric skateboards.
  • Always keep safety precautions in mind.
  • Once ready, you can stand on your skateboard and turn the power on.
  • Make sure you have ample space to practice if you’re a newbie.
  • Slowly increase your speed until you discover the most comfortable one for you.
  • To change the direction of your board, you must shift your weight, just like on a regular skateboard.
  • Once you’ve mastered it, you may experiment with different speeds and even take your board to other places.

Who Are Electric Skateboard Target Users?

Skateboarding is now a recognized sport and more than just an exciting and extreme form of outdoor play. Throughout the years, there have been various new releases of skateboards, and electric skateboarding is becoming popular, undoubtedly.

E-skate’s target audiences are mostly teenagers and young adults. However, people of all ages and genders also enjoy this extreme sport. Even kids as young as 3 to 4 years old find this outdoor activity enjoyable.

This type of transportation device is most popular with young adults going to work and with students as their service going to school. Most of this younger generation find it cool to ride a skateboard.


It is best to learn the fundamentals of standard skateboarding before embarking on an electric skateboard adventure. Being familiar with and understanding the device’s key components and functionalities is a good start.

After reading this article, I hope you now have a better understanding of ‘how do electric skateboards work?’. Do you have any recommendations or suggestions in your head? I am sure it will be quite helpful. Leave a comment below.

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